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The Big Backfire March 14, 2010

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-Asia’s efforts to control the price of oil threaten to make the unfolding energy shock much worse

유가를 통제하려는 아시아 노력은 에너지 가격을 더 치솟을 우려가 있다.

Threaten : 위협하다. ~할 우려가 있다.

Unfold : 펴다. 펼치다         

Queue : 줄지어 차례를 기다리다./줄/ 열

Rumor : 소문

Blame : 나무라다. 비난하다, 비난/책망

Savvy : 소식을 밝은 /정통해 있는/ 실제적 지식/지각/ 이해

 Spin : 회전, 정부 견해/정부 조작

(extracted from NEWSWEEK BY GEORGE WEHRFRITZ)

It’s gotten easier to catch a cab in China; in cities up and down the coast, drivers are now found queuing up at gas stations to fill their tanks with petrol. The long waits have so angered cabbies that rumors of a strike swirled last week, prompting officials in at least one Chinese city to begin paying drivers small bonuses. Many blame the shortage on the worldwide spike in oil prices, but one savvy Shanghai hack put on a different spin. Chen Zhaoming says the state oil companies are not sending much oil to the stations at home because ” they get a better price” selling it abroad.

 중국에서는 택시 기본 요금이 오르락 내리락 하는 모습을 쉽게 찾을 수 있다. 또 운전자들은 주유를 위해 주유소에서 긴 줄을 지어 기다리는 모습이 발견된다. 이 허비되는 시간과 정부의 장려를 위해 적어도 한 도시에는 운전사들에게 적은 보너스가 지급될 것이란 지난 주 소문들 때문에 중국 택시 운전사들은 화가 나있다. 많은 사람들이 석유부족이 세계적인 기름값 폭등 때문이라고 비난하지만 상하이의 유가 가격에 정통해 있는 한 상해 택시 운전사는 다른 의견제시를 하였다. 첸 자오밍(Chen Zhaoming)은 미국 석유회사들은 다른 나라에서 석유를 높은 가격을 팔 수 있어 중국에는 많은 석유를 보내지 않고 있다고 했다.

Energy, or the lack of it, is in the news across Asia. The immediate cause of the trouble is that the global price of oil has tripled since late 2001, closing last week at $68 per barrel. But the way this squeeze is playing out in Asia also reflects government policies meant to shelter national economies from energy shocks by subsidizing everything from electricity to airline fuel to kerosene.

에너지 또는 석유 부족에 관해서 아시아 전역에서 뉴스로 보도되고 있다. 직접적인 원인은 세계적으로 유가가 2001 후반 이후 세배로 뛰었고 지난주에는 1배럴당 68달러로 마감되었다. 이러한 혼잡은 아시아에서 펼쳐지고 있고 전기, 항공료 그리고 등유에 이르기까지 모든 것을 매수함으로써 유가 급등으로부터 국가경제를 보호하려는 아시아 정부정책을 반영하는 것이기도 하다.

Across : 가로질러/맞은편에 /교차하여

Immediate : 즉각의, 당장의 즉시의 직접의

Triple : 3중의 3배의’

Squeeze : 압착하다. 죄다. 짜내다/압착/짜냄/혼잡

Reflect : 반사하다. 반향하다. 초래하다.

Meant : Mean 의 과거 과거분사

Shelter : 피난처 은신처  보호하다

Subsidize :  보조 금을 지급하다. 매수하다

Electricity : 전기, 전류 전기학

Kerosene : (미)등유, 등불용 석유

 Asia is a land of artificially cheap energy. With few exceptions (most notably Japan and South Korea), the region’s manufacturers and households aren’t paying full fare for the fuels needed to cook their meals, cool their homes, power their cars or run their factories. Instead, those costs are now borne by governments or state enterprises mandated to sell power on the cheap. But the logic of this largesse could easily backfire, and magnify rather than dampen the energy shock. When price shocks are brief, controls are effective. The risk is that over time the controls create pressures that ultimately explode: recall the fixed exchange rates that used to peg the price of Asian currencies to the dollar; when demand for those currencies fell in the mid-1990s, the prices proved indefensible, and Asia fell into a deep financial crisis.

아시아는 저렴한 에너지를 만드는 나라이다. 전반적으로(특히 일본과 한국) 지방 공장주와 가구는 요리에 필요한 연료와 에어컨, 차 또는 공장을 운영하는데 필요한 연료의 요금을 다 내진 않는다.

Artificially : 인위적으로/ 부자연하게

Exception : 제외, 예외, 반대, 불복

Notably : 현저하게, 두드러지게, 명백히, 뚜렷하게, 특히, 그 중에서도

Region : 지방

Manufacturer : 제조업자, 공장주, 제작자

Household : 가족

Bear : 팔다   borne

Borne : 마음이 좁은, 편협한

Burn burnt burned   : 타다

State : 상태, 형세

Enterprise : 기획, 모험적인 사업, 회사 , 기업(체) 기업심

Mandate : 권한의 위양, 부탁, 요구, 명령  /권한을 위양하다/명령하다.

Logic : 논리학, 논리, 타당성

Largesse :(지위나 신분이 높은 사람의) 많은 부조, 아낌 없이 금품을 주기

Magnify : 확대하다, 확대하여 보여주다 , 과장하다,

Dampen : 축축하게 하다 , 축이다, (기, 열의 등을)꺾다

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Daughter of the Wind October 11, 2009

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Ⅰ.Introduction: Thematic statement : Daughter of the Wind
 

Ⅱ.First Main Idea :.Han Bi-ya is a famous travel writer.
A.Support : She first became known for her travel books
Detailes : Daughter of the Wind: Three and a Half Times Around the Globe on Foot are an account of her seven year travels.
B.Support : I’m interested in two books in her best selling.
Detailes : It is Travel to China of Han Biya and March to the World, Off the Map.
 
 Ⅲ.Second Main Idea : Han is relief worker.
A.Support :She has been at World Vision Korea.
Detailes : As leader an emergency relief team, she has been helping the refugee crises.
B.Support : She has been  around the world as relief worder.
Detailes : She has been active in Asia, Africa, Middle East, Eastern Europe, Central and South America.
 
Ⅳ.Third Main Idea : Han tries whatever she likes at any age.                             Support : She wants to go to the USA to earn a master’s degree in humanitarian assistance.
Detailes : Everyone is surprised to hear the decision at the 51 year old that  many people begin preparing for retirement.
 
Ⅴ.Conclusion : Despite her age in 51 years old, she is looking for a new challenge in her life. I realize that it is not too late to start to go on backpacking trips for my life.

 

Internet April 23, 2008

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Here is the blog we talked about with some interesting expressions to use when talking about the internet…

How to sound smart when talking about the Internet:

You don’t have ‘a facebook.’ Facebook is a place, a network, not a page. You’re ‘on facebook,’ or you ‘use facebook.’

“I’m on cyworld.”  “I use cyworld”

‘Friend’ is a verb. “I’ll friend you,” is a totally valid thing to say.

Julia friended me.  Look for me at cyworld.

You don’t look up things on ‘the google’. It’s just Google, no ‘the.’ ‘Google’ is also a verb, as in, ‘Google me’.

“Have you ever googled yourself?”

Instant messaging refers to a wide range of software tools and communication channels. It’s called ‘IM’ and it too is a verb.

Will you just IM me later?

A blog is something you have (unlike a Facebook). And blog is also a verb. As in, “I have a blog, this blog, which you probably found by googling me. I blogged about Facebook (which I’m on but don’t use often). I don’t IM, and I’m impossibly lax about friending people.”

Julia has a blog called “Juliaswriting”.  Julia blogs both in English and Korean.  Her assignments are called “posts”. 

Julia asked me if I saw her latest post about Samsung.  “Did you read my post on Samsung?”

Slash  (//Forward slash) (\\ back slash)

allow popups / block popups

delete-delete everything after/delete everything before

scroll up/down

right click

Mac or a Pc

Double click

click on this picture/click the “-“button.

Link

“About us” page

This webside is on a secure page = you need a password/you have to LOGIN

Then you have to request to be friended

Click the link/on the left you’ll see a link/on the right you’ll see a link.

My friend replied.

address bar/search box /hit enter

click here to  a comment /to  add a friend/ to see more.

TELLING A STORY April 15, 2008

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  I’d like to tell you about the history of Samsung. First, Beung Chur Lee who was the father of the current Samsung chairman, established Samsung in April 1963. He did not have much money. When it started, Samsung consisted of a hospital and a newspaper office. Second, we established Samsung-Sanyo which produced Black-and white TVs in 1970. Then, we exported the televisions to Panama. We were able to produce many kinds of electronics in 1980. After that, we started to export them to the world market. An overseas plant was established in the US  and  our annual sales topped 1 trillion Korean Won in 1984. Later, we ranked 13th in the world for semiconductor sales in 1989. As a result(To conclude/In conclusion), we are the best company in Korea and Samsung will become the best company in the world.

 

Introducing  Your Story.
I’d like to tell you about a very strange experience. I had last summer while I was traveling in Canada.

Showing Time Order
First, …
Second, …
Third, …
Next, …
Then, …
Later, …
After that, …
Finally, …
A few days later, …
Several hours later, …
During the trip/party
The following day/month…

Preposition Combinations April 8, 2008

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be  absent from – I will be absent from work
be accustomed to – I was accustomed to watching TV after dinner.
add ( this) to (that) – I add 30 minutes to my phone’s plan.
be acquainted with – You must acquaint yourself with your new job.
admire (someone) for (something) – I admire Billy for his money.
be afraid of – I’m afraid of dogs.
agree with (someone) about/on(something)
be angry at/with – I’m angry at my boyfriend.
apologize to (someone) for (something) – I want to apologize to you what I did.
apply to ( a place) for (something) – I apply to Tec’cc for a job.
approve of – Our manager approved of a plan.
argue with (someone) about (something) – They are arguing with their director.
arrive at ( a bulding, a room)
arrive in ( a city, a country)
ask (someone) about(something) – I asked my manager about schedules.
ask (someone) for ( something)
be aware of – He was aware of his real son.
annoy with – I’m annoyed with boss.

be bad for/ bad at
believe in – I believe in you.
belong to – We belong to the Sheraton Hotel.
be bored with /by – I was bored with the movie.
borrow (something) from ( someone) – I borrowed a pen from my friend.

be clear to = to obvious – It will be clear weather./ Is my message clear to you?
It is obvious that you don’t want to go.
It is clear to me thatyou don’t want to go.
compare (this) to/with ( that) – I was compared with my co-worker.
complain to ( someone) about (something) – My guest complain to me about food.
be composed of = to be made of – Pper is made of crushed trees and chemicals
paper is composed of crushed trees.
*Compose yourself = behave(act) well – Children are not very composed at the dinner table.
Children misbehave at the table.
concentrate on – I concentrate on money.
consist of – It consist of metals.
be crazy about – I was crazy about clothes.
be crowded with – The bus was crowded with people.
cluttere with

depend on/upon ( someone) for (something) – Successful project depends on sale’s manager.
– young people depend on their parents for money and housing
be dependent on/upon(someone) for (something) – My country was dependent on Japan in 1900.
be devoted to – I was devoted to working all day.
My spouse left me because I was devoted to my job( to my work)
be different from – I was different from my older sisters.
disagree with (someone) about ( something) – I disagree with my manager about my promotion.
be disappointed in – He was disappointed in what I did.
discuss (something) with ( someone) – We discuss tax with accountant.
divide ( this) into( that) – We divide the profits into three equal parts.
be divorced from – She was divorced from her husband.
be done with – Plz, be done with clean up by 2o’clock.
dream about/of – I dreamed about being a hotel manager.
dressed in – Alice is dressed in her warmest clothes today.
discriminate against – He is dicriminated against because of his age.

be engaged to – He is engaged to Katie. Their marriage is planned for May 3.
be equal to – It is equal to three.
escape from – We escape from a house that was on fire.
be excited about – I’m excited about your class.
excuse ( someone) for (something) – Excuse me for passing you.
be exhausted from – I’m exhausted from working so hard
expose to – People who have been exposed to heavy doses of radiation may be more suspectible to certain diseases.

be familiar with – I’m familiar with my older sister.
be famous for – The park is famous for its views.
be finished with – I’m finished with work.
forgive (someone) for (something) I forgive my boyfriend for not washing dishes.
be friendly to/with – I’m friendly with my manager.
be frightened of/by – I was frightened by a cat in the evening.
be full of – The restaurant was full of people last night.
furnished with- This apartment comes furnished with only a stove and refrigerator.
fill with – For the holiday meal, the bowls on the table were filled with specially prepared foods.

remembered for – He is remembered for his strong leadership.
ger rid of – I got rid of doubt.
be gone from
be good for – your class is good for me.
graduate from – I graduated from Young-Jin College last year.

happen to – How can that happen to you?
hear about /of – I’m sorry to hear about your mother. Let me know if I can do something.
hear from – I hear about your class from Ray.
help (someone) with ( something) – I will help you with this money.
hide (something) from (someone) – He hid jewelry from the police.
hope for – I hope for us to be together in Korea./ I hope to see in Korea.
be hungry for – I’m hungry for success.

insist on – I insist on your being present.
be interested in – I’m interested in your company.
introduce (someone) to (someone) – I introduced my family to my co-workers.
invite (someone) to (something) – I invited co-workers to my home.
be involved in – I was involved in the event.

be kind to – I’m kind to every customer.
know about – I know about you.
known for – My uncle is known for his generosity.

laugh at – They laugh at me.
listen to – Plz, listen to me.
look at – why are you looking at me?/ what are you looking for?
look for – What color do you look for in a car?/What qualities do you look for in a husband?
look forward to – I’m looking forward to your answer.
limite to – – Each speaker was limited to three minutes.

be mad at – I’m mad at my co-worker.
be made of – Cheese is made of milk.
be married to – She will be married to him.
matter to = important – You probably don’t care about my feelings, but it matters to me!
be the matter with –
multiply (this) by (that) – Six multiplied by three equals 18.

be nice to – You should be nice to your younger sister.

be opposed to – I have an idea opposed to your idea.

pay for – I paid for my car to be fixed.
be patient with- You need to be patient with time.
be pleased with – I’m pleased with you.
point at – I point at you.
point out – I want you to turn your focus to the economy
– I want to point out the difference between your ideas and what you said.
be polite to – She is polite to old people.
be prepared for – I was prepared for this party.
protect (this) from (that) – I protect him from danger.
be proud of – I’m proud of you.

be qualified for – He is qualified for a driver’s license.

be ready for -the tables are ready for a party.
be related to – He is closely related to me.
rely on/upon – He is not to be relied upon./ I rely on you to come.
be responsible for – She will be reponsible for her son without her husband.

be satisfied with – I wasn’t satisfied with my salary.
be scared of/by – I was scared of the dark./ I was scared by a cat.
search for – I search my pockets for money.
separate (this) from (that) – I separated a branch from the tree.
be similar to – I’m similar to pizza.
be sorry about (something) – I’m sorry about not bringing a book.
be sorry for (someone) – I’m sorry for him, but it’s his own fault.
speak to/with (someone) about ( something) – I speak to him about employment.
stare at – She stared at me.
subtract (this) from (that) – I subtract 2 from 5.
be sure of – I’m sure of him.

take care of – I will take care of you.
talk to/with (someone) about (something) – I talk to him about employment.
tell (someone) about (something) – He will tell us later about when we will go out for dinner.
be terrified of/by – She was terrified of dogs.
thank (someone) for (something) – Thank you for everything.
be thirsty for – I’m thirsty for fluent English.
be tired from – I’m tired from working so hard.
be tired of – I’m tired of living in an apartment./I’m tired of being a dishwasher.
travel to – I will travel to Niagara falls.

be used to(= be accustomed to)-I am used to working hard.

wait for – I’m waiting for him.
wait on – I wait on customers at the restaurant.
be worried about – I was worried about you.

in the past
in the present
in the furure – Please be on time in the future.
in the morning
in the afternoon
in the evening – I usually watch TV in the evening.

at noon / at night / at midnight
at + “clock time”
at present / at the moment / at the present time

in + a month/a year / a century / a season
I was born in the twentieth century./ The weather is hot in ( the) summer.

on + a date/a weekday
on + weekday morning(s), afternoon(s), evening(s) – I have class on Thursday morning(s).

 

Business Conversation March 19, 2008

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<1>

M: This is Spencer Turby calling , from Riteway Insurance. I’ve noticed that you still haven’t sent us a copy of your singned contract yet. If we don’t receive it today, your policies will become voild.

W: I arranged for a messenger to bring it over this morning, but there’s been a delay. They told me that, normally, it would arrive there before one o’clock, but due to last night’s snow, it probably won’t get there until four.

M: Oh, I’ve just noticed that there’s a note posted on your file. I must have overlooked it. Please accept my apologies. I’ll check the mail later this afternoon.

W: That’s fine, Mr, Turby. Let me know if it doesn’t arrive by five.

<2>

M: When are you scheduled to relocate to the Tokyo office?

W: Within a month, but first I have to renegotiate my contract. I want to make sure all my conditions are met. 

M: Living in the Far East should be a fascinating experience. I’d like to try it sometime, but I’m a bit afraid to leave the comforts of home.

W: There’s nothing to fear. I spent two years in China about a decade ago and had a a splendid time.  People were exceptionally friendly, despite the language barrier.

<3>

W: Hello. It’s Amy from Ace Apparel. I’m calling to see if the shipement of sweaters we ordered on the 10th has been sent out yet.

M: We’ve had a delay in receiving the goods from our supplier oversea due to a typhoon. The container ships couldn’t leave for a week. I’m sorry to say that we won’t even get the shipement until next month.

W: Really? We were counting on receiving them by the 25th of the month. Our stock’s running out fast.

M: Unfortunately, there’s not a lot we can do at this point except apologize for the delay.

French Food March 11, 2008

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  Debra!! I want to introduce Yun-Mi. We have worked together as interns in the Sheraton Hotel for 17 months and we came to the USA at the same time. She was my roommate 5 months ago. I told you that her degree is in culinary arts. She made French food last Saturday. I was really happy that she came over.

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  Finally I could eat French food that my friend made. She told us that she would make French food when we came to the USA.  However, she hadn’t made for 15 months.  She will go back to Korea soon. I said that she can’t go back to Korea before she make her own France food for me. Well, I ate French food. I have never eaten anything like it before.

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  She made chicken, snails and mozzarella

Public Spa March 10, 2008

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yangheadness1.jpg

  Have you been to a public spa in the USA? Well, I’m from Korea and it is common there.  There are a lot of public spas in Korea. Before I came to the States, I went to a public spa every weekend. However, I counldn’t go to a public spa anymore in the USA because there aren’t any  public spas nearby. I was thinking that I will go a public spa when I go back to Korea. Suddenly, my boyfriend said that a public spa opened 3 weeks ago in Annandale which is 2 hours away from my house. Our friends from Maryland met us there. We spent 2 hours to just go a spa. My home in Korea has 3 public spas around our apartment. Anyway we just packed stuff that we would need in a public spa such as shampoo, soap, our toothbrushes, toothpaste and cleanser then we went to Annandale.

  There are two kinds of saunas in there. One sauna is the one you already know about. We can sit on a chair where we wait until we sweat. Another sauna doesn’t have any  chairs in the room. We could lay down on the floor in a heating room which is called Gim-Jil Room. The picture which is at the bottom of this post  shows what a Gim-Jil Room is. I don’t like the sauna as mush as I like the Gim-Jil Room. I had had a sore left knee for 2 weeks from standing at work for  6 days. I’m feeling better now than before I went.

  The pet in the picture is wearing  a hat which we wore in the Gim-Jil Room. We couldn’t take a picture of each other because nobody brought a camera. My friend knew how to make a hat out of a towel(a castle out of sand). I was surprised at how similar the spa here was to the ones I use in Korea.

zzim02_view02_1-cid2000.jpg

Notice to terminate lease March 10, 2008

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Julia Lee
5833 Eunice Court
Richmond, VA, 23229
804-232-2222
mashy2222@hotmail.com

March.3rd.2008

Dear Jacson :

I am a tenant at 5833 Eunice Court. This is my Tuesday notice that I will end my rental agreement on March 4th 2008. My new address is 2322 Turf Club Richmond VA. You can send my deposit to that address.

 Sincerely,

my signature

my typed name

I won’t be lazy. March 5, 2008

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Expressions

The wife of the man who died. missed him. She couldn’t get over him.
Weird-not normal
To make change
To give back change
I need small bills
What have you been up to lately(recently)?
High school Diploma
college degree/ graduate degree= master degree/Ph.D
What is your degree in? = after graduation
What is your major?= in school
Bilingual Program= to help the kids who come to the US with little or no English succeed in school.
TESOL=Teaching English to succeed in an English only or English dominant setting
Produ’ce(make) Pro’duce(fruit+vegitables)
Nearby- doesn’t take an object
Is there a salon nearby?
Is there a salon near your house?
Is there a salon close to your house?
Hangover=when you drink too much
My husband was hungover after the NY party
My husband had a hangover.
I mean is  -> what I mean is  / I mean
I spent the day studying
I just wanted to rest
pearl earring[ per a leereen]  / bracelet / necklace / anklets/ nose rings/ wedding ring/ engagement ring
We turn one year older / they ask her why she isn’t married
Two New Years are equally important.
Which one do you like better Christmas or New Year’s Day?
I prefer Christmas to NY.
I like Christmas better than NY.
I don’t like NY as mush as I like Christmas
Two people are
Two is what time it is
Three is what time I start teaching
Two is how many are absent
Two people are absent
Twenty-five miles is how far SP is.
How far is SP?
SP is very far / It is very far / It is 25 miles / 25 miles(a distance) is how far.
Korea Town isn’t as big as Chinatown.[ iz en as bi giz]
He came here 5 years ago / He has been here for 5 years
I understand you / I know what you mean.

So(level)/ too(excess)
There are too many people and not enough chairs/ There are so many people (a lot, not crowded)
$25 all you can eat Sushi
The bill cost $80/ They splurged
The intermission
We applauded for the opera
They went back to sleep
Her degree is in culinary arts.
***Two Political Parties
Republicans(conservative)    Democrat(Liberal)
I love shopping / I’m a shopping fanatic(from fan)
I usually go clothes shopping
Which Ross do you go to?
It’s common to meet your husband through a match maker.
Research shows that people who get married though a matchmaker are more satisfied with their life than people who don’t.
It’s common for American women to wait to have children.
unplanned pregnancy
Nobody knows that
The outgoing message on his phone is like a native speaker.